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Skjerve, Ann Britt (Herausgeber); Bye, Andreas (Herausgeber)

Simulator-Based Human Factors Studies Across 25 Years The History of the Halden Man-Machine Laboratory (Gebundene Ausgabe)

Springer-Verlag GmbH, Springer London, Dezember 2010

364 S. - Sprache: Englisch - 72 schwarz-weiße Abbildungen, 19 schwarz-weiße Tabellen - 242x167x30 mm

ISBN: 0857290029 EAN: 9780857290021

The Halden Man-Machine Laboratory (HAMMLAB) has been at the heart of human factors research at the OECD Halden Reactor Project (HRP). The HRP is sponsored by a group of national organizations, representing nuclear power plant regulators, utilities, and research institutions. The HRP is hosted by the Institute for Energy Technology (IFE) in Halden, Norway. HAMMLAB comprises three full-scale nuclear power plant control room research simulators. The simulator studies performed in HAMMLAB have traditionally been experimental in nature. In a simulator it is possible to study events as they unfold in real time, in a highly realistic operational environment under partially controlled conditions. This means that a wide range of human factors issues, which would be impossible or highly impracticable to study in real-life settings, can thus be addressed in HAMMLAB. Simulator-based Human Factors Studies Across 25 Years celebrates the twenty-fifth anniversary of HAMMLAB by reviewing the human factors studies performed in HAMMLAB across this time-span. A range of human factors issues have been addressed, including: . human-system interfaces; . alarm systems; . computerized procedures; . human-automation interaction; . staffing, teamwork and human reliability. The aim of HAMMLAB studies has always been the same: to generate knowledge for solving current and future challenges in nuclear power plant operation to contribute to safety. The outcomes of HAMMLAB studies have been used to support design and assessment of nuclear power plant control rooms.

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Gives the history of the human factors research carried out in the Halden Man-Machine Laboratory Provides readers with the knowledge needed for solving practical problems in nuclear power plant operation Written by experts with first-hand experience of the Halden Man-Machine Laboratory


1. The Use of Simulators in Human Factors Studies Within the Nuclear Industry.- 2. The History of HAMMLAB.- 3. The Purpose of HAMMLAB and the Theoretical Basis for Experimental Research.- 4. Methodological Challenges in HAMMLAB.- 5. Simulator Studies - The Next Best Thing?.- 6. Human Performance and Plant Safety Performance.- 7. More Than Forty Years of Operator-Process-Communication Research.- 8. Experiments with Conventional and Advanced Modes of Instrumentation in HAMMLAB.- 9. The Advanced Control Room Project ISACS.- 10. Alarm Systems.- 11. Information Display Design: Three Attempts at Superseding the Traditional Process Mimic Display.- 12. Staffing Levels: Methods for Assessing Requirements.- 13. Computerized Procedures.- 14. Can Human Operators and High-Level Automatic Systems Work Together?.- 15. Task Complexity - What Challenges the Crew and How Do They Cope?.- 16. International HRA Empirical Study, Overall Methodology and HAMMLAB Results.- 17. Work Practices and Cooperation in a Near Future and Far Future Operational Environment.- 18. Augmented and Virtual Reality Research in Halden 1998 - 2008.- 19. Knowledge Transfer to Industry from HAMMLAB Related Research Activities.- 20. Human Performance Research and Its Uses to Inform Human Reliability Analysis.- 21. Studies for the Future.

Über den Autor

Ann Britt Skjerve holds a Bachelor of Art (Psychology), Master of Art (Psychology) and a PhD (Psychology) from the Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. She joined the Institute for Energy Technology (IFE) in 1997, and currently holds positions as Principal Scientist and Deputy Division Head in the Industrial Psychology Division. Ann Britt has been working with a broad range of applied human factors issues within the domains of nuclear power plant operation, train traffic control and petroleum production, both in terms of laboratory-based studies and in consultancy settings. Her main research interests include human-automation interaction, facilitating team performance, teamwork training of distributed teams, and usability assessments. Andreas Bye holds an MSc in Engineering Cybernetics from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway. He joined the Institute for Energy Technology (IFE) in 1989, where he is currently Head of the Industrial Psychology Department. Until 2001, he worked in the Computerized Operation Support Systems Department at IFE on topics including alarm systems and function allocation. His current professional interests include human and organizational factors for industrial safety, human reliability, and the use of empirical human performance data to support probabilistic safety assessment.

ISBN 0-857290-02-9, ISBN 0-85-729002-9, ISBN 0-85729-002-9, ISBN 0-857-29002-9, ISBN 0-8572-9002-9

ISBN 978-0-857290-02-1, ISBN 978-0-85-729002-1, ISBN 978-0-85729-002-1, ISBN 978-0-857-29002-1, ISBN 978-0-8572-9002-1

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