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Lamb, David

Regreening the Bare Hills Tropical Forest Restoration in the Asia-Pacific Region (Gebundene Ausgabe)

Reihe: World Forests 8

Springer-Verlag GmbH, Springer Netherland, November 2010

547 S. - Sprache: Englisch - 244x166x41 mm

ISBN: 9048198690 EAN: 9789048198696

In Regreening the Bare Hills: Tropical Forest Restoration in the Asia-Pacific Region, David Lamb explores how reforestation might be carried out both to conserve biological diversity and to improve the livelihoods of the rural poor. While both issues have attracted considerable attention in recent years, this book takes a significant step, by integrating ecological and silvicultural knowledge within the context of the social and economic issues that can determine the success or failure of tropical forest landscape restoration. Describing new approaches to the reforestation of degraded lands in the Asia-Pacific tropics, the book reviews current approaches to reforestation throughout the region, paying particular attention to those which incorporate native species - including in multi-species plantations. It presents case studies from across the Asia-Pacific region and discusses how the silvicultural methods needed to manage these 'new' plantations will differ from conventional methods. It also explores how reforestation might be made more attractive to smallholders and how trade-offs between production and conservation are most easily made at a landscape scale. The book concludes with a discussion of how future forest restoration may be affected by some current ecological and socio-economic trends now underway. The book represents a valuable resource for reforestation managers and policy makers wishing to promote these new silvicultural approaches, as well as for conservationists, development experts and researchers with an interest in forest restoration. Combining a theoretical-research perspective with practical aspects of restoration, the book will be equally valuable to practitioners and academics, while the lessons drawn from these discussions will have relevance elsewhere throughout the tropics.

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Describes new approaches to help overcome forest degradation in the Asia-Pacific region Provides an up-to-date review of different reforestation strategies used in different places, explores the scope for using these in other ecological, socio-economic situations Reviews reforestation from a site and landscape perspective Addresses trade-offs in balancing the need for economic gains from reforestation with the need to restore forest cover to conserve biodiversity


Preface Abbreviations Chapter 1: Deforestation and its Consequences in the Asia-Pacific region Introduction Deforestation rates The new landscapes Estimates of the area of 'degraded' land potentially available for reforestation Assessing the extent of biodiversity losses Consequences of deforestation and biodiversity loss Is the Protected Area network able to protect regional biodiversity? Conclusions References Chapter 2: Forest and Land Degradation in the Asia-Pacific Region Introduction Natural disturbances Human uses of forest Environmental determinants of deforestation The socio-economic context - a short history of deforestation in China and Japan Deforestation and degradation in the Asia-Pacific region Seven forest and land degradation Case Studies Lessons emerging from these Case Studies about the causes of forest and land degradation Thresholds and forest transitions Conclusions References Chapter 3: Reforestation, Conservation and Livelihoods Introduction Defining and assessing rural poverty Natural forests and livelihoods Biodiversity Conservation or Livelihood Improvements? Reforestation to enhance livelihoods and foster biodiversity conservation The role of land tenure Land tenure and reforestation Community forestry Community or private reforestation? Conclusions References Chapter 4: Different Types of Reforestation Introduction A conceptual model of degradation and forest restoration Choosing between Ecological Restoration, Plantation Monocultures and Rehabilitation Degradation and resilience Building resilience during reforestation Conclusions References Chapter 5: Natural Regeneration and Secondary Forests Introduction Defining secondary forests Natural regeneration at disturbed sites Environmental services provided by secondary forests Using natural succession to overcome degradation Accelerating successional development Managing established secondary forests Using secondary forests to create agroforests Conclusion References Chapter 6: Monocultural Plantations Introduction Reasons for establishing plantations Implementing reforestation on degraded lands The particular case of mine site rehabilitation The standard plantation model Limitations of this standard model The hazards of monocultures Species choices Sources of information on species choices Problems needed resolution before using a wider range of species in reforestation programs Monoculture plantations, biodiversity and environmental services Conclusions References Chapter 7: Mixed-species Plantings Introduction Some potential advantages of mixed-species plantations Species functional types Designs for mixed-species plantations Identifying ecologically complementary species Some management issues Mixtures at a landscape scale - a mosaic of monocultures Providing environmental services Conclusions References Chapter 8: Ecological Restoration Introduction Re-assembling forest ecosystems Examples of Ecological Restoration of tropical forests Some tentative principles governing the ways in which forest ecosystems might be restored In practice Direct seeding The social context Monitoring and adaptive management Conclusions References Chapter 9: Income for Farmers from Tree-planting Introduction Markets for forest products - examples from Vietnam Forest product markets elsewhere in the Asia-Pacific region Market chains Financial models of different plantation designs The financial profitability of tree-growing elsewhere in the Asia-Pacific region Reforestation businesses Payments for environmental services The carbon market Increasing the income received by tree-growers Conclusions References Chapter 10: Assisting Farmers to Undertake Reforestation Introduction Farmers and the farming environment Making reforestation attractive to farmers The transition away from traditional forms of silviculture Reforestation following government assistance Reforestation with assistance from private timber companies Reforestation with assistance from Non Government Organisations Are partnerships enough? The role of incentives Building socially resilient forms of reforestation Judging success from a farmer's perspective Conclusion References Chapter 11: Reforestation at a Landscape Scale Introduction The nature of landscape mosaics Ecological processes in evolving landscape Building resilience at the landscape scale How much reforestation? Where to undertake reforestation? What types of reforestation at particular locations? Planning Forest Landscape Restoration Approaches and decision-support tools for Forest Landscape Restoration Conclusions References Chapter 12: Developing Institutions to Support Reforestation Introduction The future context? Undertaking reforestation in future New institutional changes to encourage reforestation Revisiting resilience Conclusions References Chapter 13: Conclusions Introduction Alternative visions of the future Some things we still need to know Finally Glossary of terms Index


From the reviews: "David Lamb's book is welcome because it examines the issues of reforestation and afforestation from an ecosystem perspective ... . The text is generously supported by case studies and ... it contains much that will be interest to those involved in forest conservation and management throughout the tropics. ... This book is the best in its class by far and should be available to all persons in forest and natural resource agencies as well as in the NGOs who often invest in tree planting." (Jeffrey Sayer, Tropical Conservation Science, Vol. 4 (1), 2011) "The central theme of linking the restoration method to ecology and ecosystem services continues, again supported by case studies. ... This book is an absolute gem for anyone involved in forest restoration, it is well written ... . This is a researcher's book ... any research laboratory involved in ecological restoration generally, and on tropical forests (in particular) will find this book should be kept readily to hand." (Rob Marrs, Biological Conservation, 2011) "In his new book, David Lamb presents a way out of this unfortunate cycle of deforestation, degradation, and devastation. ... Lamb has written the definitive work on tropical forest restoration, with relevance well beyond the Asian-Pacific region. This book is clearly written, superbly organized, and amply illustrated. ... this book will reach many readers and will spark the transformations so desperately needed in the world's tropics." (Robin L. Chazdon, Biotropica, Vol. 43 (6), 2011) "In this book, David Lamb explores a fresh, holistic approach to tropical forest restoration. ... an invaluable source of wisdom for researches, policy makers, NGOs and the people whom they must help. ... it accessible to a very wide range of readers. ... it can be used as a reference, as it has a good index and it is packed with useful information referenced to source publications. ... If you can only afford to buy one book on tropical forest restoration, then this is it." (David Gillieson, Ecological Management & Restoration, Vol. 12 (3), December, 2011) "This book provided a thorough introduction to reforestation in the Asia-Pacific region. ... its audience to broadly include national and international conservation entities, advanced students and researchers, business professionals, non-governmental organizations, and the media. We agree that Regreening would be a useful addition to the reference libraries of these groups ... . the book has a detailed table of contents and excellent cross-referencing making it relatively easy to find information on specific topics." (The CenTREAD Working Group, Human Ecology, November, 2011) "The author achieves his aim of giving a comprehensive overview over the current state of smallholder and village forestry in APR and its contextual conditions ... . The rich personal experience of the author from fieldwork in APR and the abundance of interesting case studies add valuable information which otherwise would be difficult to access. ... the book is, as it is, thought provoking and a valuable source of data and information." (Eberhard F. Bruenig, International Forestry Review, Vol. 14 (1), 2012) "This book is compulsive and compulsory reading for those of us that want to re-establish forest communities on degraded grasslands and degraded secondary forests in South-East Asia and the Pacific Islands. ... The text is well-written and easily read with relevant background, numerous case studies, key data and findings, well-compiled tables and text boxes ... . In summary, this is a highly readable, thoroughly well-researched and comprehensive book which is must-read material for all forest rehabilitation practitioners, including plantation managers, academics and students." (Lex Thomson, Australian Forestry, Vol. 75 (2), 2012) "The book is exceedingly well structured and written and provides a well-balanced treatment of forest restoration from both the ecological and economic perspectives. It is, at present, the most definitive treatment of tropical forest restoration on the market and as such it should be on the bookshelves of all tropical ecology lecturers and students, as well as NGO's and forestry departments. It should be treated as an invaluable investment by all those involved in protected areas management and REDD+ projects throughout the region and beyond." (Stephen Elliott, Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society, Vol. 58, 2012)

ISBN 9-048198-69-0, ISBN 9-04-819869-0, ISBN 9-04819-869-0, ISBN 9-048-19869-0, ISBN 9-0481-9869-0

ISBN 978-9-048198-69-6, ISBN 978-9-04-819869-6, ISBN 978-9-04819-869-6, ISBN 978-9-048-19869-6, ISBN 978-9-0481-9869-6

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